Green Revolution - Increase in Usage of Solar and LED in India | 3EA

By Rupanshi Rastogi, 3EA
Green Revolution - Increase in Usage of Solar and LED in India | 3EA

Green Revolution majorly refers to agricultural revolution. In India, it was started in early 1960s when agricultural system in India changed to industrial system due to adoption of modern techniques and technologies such as tractors, new methods of irrigation, high yielding variety of seeds etc. The green revolution in India led to increase in production of food grains in states such as Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh.

USA, the most powerful nation is adopting fossil fuels such as Coal for production of electricity while developing nation India which is 4th largest consumer and 3rd largest producer of electricity, under the governance of Mr. Narendra Modi is heading towards clean and green India by adopting clean energy also solar-powered LEDs. In present scenario about 67% of electricity is produced using fossil fuels due which government is not able to meet the demand. The legislature is taking numerous measures incorporating putting vigorously in changing from traditional yet wasteful tube lights and Compact Fluorescent Lamps(CFLs) to vitality productive Light-Emitting Diodes(LED) Lights.


The usual lights need voltage around 240V while LEDs require 100V to 400V. It’s a revolutionary change. As solid-state bulbs, they can persevere vibrations, knocks, voltage vacillations and so on substantially more effectively than customary lights. While the last would meld, LEDs keep sparkling splendidly. The market of LEDs has increased in recent years. The government schemes such as UJALA and SLNP is also the major source in promoting the awareness regarding the LEDs.


The government with joint venture with Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL) has taken the responsibility to replace conventional lightings with LEDs in household as well as street. EESL also working with private companies to sell LEDs lights at cheaper rate to overcome the problems in implementing energy efficiency projects. In partnership with private LED manufacturers, EESL has reduced the costs of LED lights by as much as 85 per cent within three years, leading to the lowest prices for LEDs worldwide.


Energy prices are increasing at a greater pace because the demand of coal is not met. Coal being an exhaustive component is not obtained with respect to its demand, alternative is to switch to non-exhaustive components such as solar energy, wind energy, water energy.

Solar power generation is fast developing industry in India. India expanded its solar energy generation capacity about 8 times. India targeted to achieve 20GW by the year 2022 but by the grace of Mr. Narendra Modi country's solar installed capacity reached 23 GW as of 30 June 2018.

The government has announced the The Atal Jyoti Yojana (AJAY) scheme which emphasis more on solar street lighting. The project is implemented under the supervision of Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme with annual budget of 5 crores. EESL has taken up the tasks of installing and managing the solar street lighting system. Under this project, 40,000 solar street light systems are under installation in about 25 to 30 large cities and village constituencies in Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand.

Among the states, Andhra Pradesh included the most extreme sunlight based limit in 2016-17 (1,294.26 MW), trailed by Karnataka (882.38 MW) and Telangana (759.13 MW). Other real increases were in Rajasthan (543 MW), Tamil Nadu (630.01 MW), Punjab (388 MW), Uttar Pradesh (193.24 MW) and Uttarakhand (192.35 MW).


One of the greatest guarantee made by PM Narendra Modi to our nation that by 2019 every single home in India will have no less than one light being fueled by clean sun based vitality.

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Article by: Rupanshi Rastogi, 3EA